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Map of European Union

Map of the European Union.
flag of the European Union.

European Union

Key facts


Land Area  4,215,100 sq km

Population   498.9 million (2010 est.)

Capital City  European Commission based in Brussels; European Parliament based in Brussels and Strasbourg


Members Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom

European Parliament - Last election: June 2009; Next election due: June 2014

EU Council Presidency Poland July - December 2011; Denmark January - June 2012
EU Council President - Herman van Rompuy (two and a half year term started on 1 January 2010)
European Commission President - Jose Manuel Barroso

Economic (2010 est)

GDP €12.28 trillion

Real GDP growth 1.8%

Exports € 1.50 trillion

Imports € 1.35 trillion

Main exports Machinery, motor vehicles, aircraft, plastics, pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, fuels, iron and steel, nonferrous metals, food and drink

Main Imports Machinery, vehicles, aircraft, plastics, crude oil, chemicals, textiles, metals, food and drink

Current account balance US$51.4 bn (2009 est.)

Inflation 2.5% (2011 est.)

New Zealand Trade (year to December 2010)

NZ Exports (FOB) NZ$4.9 billion

Main Exports – sheep meat, fresh fruit, wine, apples, wool, butter

NZ Imports (CIF) NZ$6.2 billion

Main Imports - aircraft, motor vehicles, medicaments, tractors, telephone equipment top of page


Ministerial and official visits to and from the European Union are frequent occurrences. The New Zealand Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Defence visit Europe on average two or three times a year (counted together) as part of New Zealand’s regular exchanges with the European Union.

New Zealand Ministerial Visits to the European Union

European Union Visits to New Zealand

Travel advice

The Safetravel website provides a travel advisory for travellers to Europe [external link].

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Page last updated: Wednesday, 30 July 2014 15:46 NZST