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Part of the Realm of New Zealand, Niue has a land area of 260 sq km, with a 390,900 mile sq km Exclusive Economic Zone. Home to a population of 1460 (2011 census), Niue has a special relationship with NZ founded on close historical ties, unique constitutional arrangements and a common citizenship and currency. There are an estimated 23,982 Niueans living in New Zealand (2013 census).
Niue became a British Protectorate in 1900 and was annexed by New Zealand in 1901. In 1974, following an act of self-determination under United Nations auspices, the people of Niue adopted a Constitution providing for full self-government in free association with New Zealand, a status distinct from that of full independence. Premier Hon Toke Talagi leads the Niue Legislative Assembly (following his re-election for a third term on 12 April 2014)
Niue is one of New Zealand’s smallest trading partners (NZ’s 111th largest trading partner – 2013). Niue's economy is fragile. It faces many constraints: limited access to air services, shortages of skilled professionals and entrepreneurial expertise, limited land and poor soil quality. Natural disasters, especially cyclones, have long lasting impact. Niue’s economic difficulties are exacerbated by, and reflected in, the long-term decline of its population.
Private sector subsistence activity accounted for approximately 18% GDP in 2012 and subsistence agriculture and fishing remain important. Agricultural commodities produced include noni (nonu) juice, small amounts of vanilla and honey products.
|NZ exports to Niue||Fuel, foodstuffs||NZ$15 million|
|NZ imports from Niue||Noni juice, honey||NZ$100,000|
New Zealand’s investment in aid and development in Niue is guided by the Niue Constitution which commits New Zealand to provide "necessary economic and administrative assistance to Niue". New Zealand is the largest bilateral donor to Niue. Other donors include Australia, China, South Korea, Japan, the EU and various multilateral organisations. The total bilateral New Zealand Official Development Assistance (ODA) to Niue for 2013/14 was $14.1 million. The main focus of the programme is economic sustainability, principally through development of the tourism sector.
New Zealand has a High Commission in Niue which is the only Niue based diplomatic representation.
The High Commission of Niue to New Zealand is in Wellington.
MFAT has not issued a specific travel advisory for Niue but more advice about travelling in the Pacific region can be found on the Safe Travel website.