It is essential that New Zealanders choosing to live in Australia are aware of their immigration status and entitlements.
Most New Zealand citizens who enter Australia on a New Zealand passport do so under the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement. New Zealand citizens who enter Australia under this arrangement do not have to apply for a visa before travelling. They are granted a Special Category visa (subclass 444) (SCV) on arrival in Australia, subject to meeting certain health and character requirements. The SCV allows New Zealand citizens to remain indefinitely in Australia, but it is a temporary visa.
New Zealanders on a SCV who arrived after 26 February 2001 are not entitled to the full range of Centrelink Social Security payments including unemployment and sickness benefits.
New Zealanders on a SCV who arrived in Australia between 26 February 2001 and 19 February 2016 may be eligible to apply for Australian permanent residence and then citizenship under the new dedicated pathway for New Zealanders (external link).