Immigration status - visa, residency, and citizenship
It's important that New Zealanders choosing to live in Australia know their immigration status and what rights that gives them.
For example, whether they are an Australian permanent resident, Australian citizen, or on a visa can affect New Zealander's rights while living in Australia.
New Zealanders who enter Australia on a New Zealand passport do so under the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement.
Most New Zealanders are issued with a non-protected Special Category visa (SCV) (subclass 444) (external link) on arrival. This visa is not visible in passports - it is held electronically.
The SCV is granted depending on certain health and character requirements, and lets New Zealand citizens live, study and work in Australia indefinitely. But it is technically a temporary visa.
New Zealanders on a SCV who arrived in Australia between 27 February 2001 and 19 February 2016 may be able to apply for Australian permanent residence and then citizenship under the dedicated pathway for New Zealanders (external link).
If Australian authorities assess that a New Zealander doesn't meet relevant character requirements, they can cancel all visas (including the 444 visa and permanent residence visas).
This can lead to that New Zealander being deported and barred from ever returning to Australia. New Zealand also deports Australians in some similar circumstances.
New Zealanders can apply to become Australian permanent residents and then Australian citizens (external link).
If successful, they are then a 'dual national' - a person who holds citizenship of more than one country.
Receive the benefits of Australian citizenship and keep your New Zealand passport
Dual nationals have the right to hold a passport from both countries, and get the full benefits of citizenship such as social security payments, health care, and voting rights. New Zealanders becoming Australian citizens do not lose any rights, but gain additional rights.
Find more information at the Department of Home Affairs (external link).
Watch our video to see how New Zealanders can get Australian citizenship and the benefits it brings.