The United Nations Security Council North Korea sanctions are implemented in New Zealand by the United Nation Sanctions (Democratic Republic of Korea) Regulations 2017.
In addition to the restrictions in the sanctions regulations, the United Nations Security Council resolutions also restrict certain activities.
- United Nation Sanctions (Democratic Republic of Korea) Regulations 2017
- United Nations Security Council resolution restrictions
The United Nations Security Council first implemented sanctions against North Korea (also known as Democratic Republic of Korea) in 2006.
This was in response to the international community’s concerns about North Korea’s programmes for nuclear weapons of mass destruction and proliferation.
The regulations restrict the follow activities.
Prohibits the export, import, provision of training or otherwise dealing with any goods, equipment or activity that could enhance the military or nuclear and weapons of mass destruction proliferation programmes of North Korea.
Prohibits the selling, transferring or dealing with any property (including money, assets, shares, bonds) that is owned by the government of the North Korea, someone designated by the UN Sanctions committee or someone who violates the UN Sanctions regime.
Luxury goods ban
Prohibits exporting, dealing, transferring or travelling to North Korea either directly or indirectly with anything identified in the luxury goods list. (external link)
Requirement to inspect cargo
Requires goods (including luggage) that are either coming from or going to North Korea to be presented to Customs for inspection.
Restricts the import of precious metals, statues, coal and iron from North Korea to New Zealand.
Restrictions on financial services
Prohibits the provision of financial services that contribute to trade with North Korea or to its nuclear, ballistic missile or weapons of mass destruction programmes or other activities prohibited by the regulations.
It also restricts financial service subsidiaries incorporated in North Korea from being established in New Zealand and New Zealand financial service subsidiaries from being established in North Korea.
Finally it prevents any person from obtaining or providing services to any financial service provider incorporated in North Korea.
Prohibits individuals designated by the UN Security Council, those acting on behalf of designated individuals and people who New Zealand determines is violating the sanctions regime from entering or transiting through New Zealand.
Detention and deportation
Requires New Zealand to detain and deport certain individuals who are in New Zealand.
These individuals include those who:
- are designated by the UN Security Council or those working for them
- have breached the sanctions resolutions, and
- work for financial service providers incorporated in North Korea.
Restrictions relating to ships
If a ship is owned by a designated person or is carrying goods prohibited by the UN Security Council, the regulations prevent the ship entering a New Zealand port and people from servicing, fuelling or providing supplies to that ship.
People are also prohibited from leasing or chartering a ship from North Korea or a designated person, registering a North Korean ship in New Zealand and from registering, owning or operating a ship registered to North Korea.
Restrictions relating to aircraft
Prevents aircraft that are carrying goods prohibited by the resolutions from taking off, landing in or flying over New Zealand. It also prohibits the export and transfer of aviation fuel to North Korea and a person from leasing or chartering an aircraft to North Korea or a designated person.
Restrictions relating to crewing services
Prohibits a person from procuring or providing ship or aircraft crewing services from or to North Korea.
In addition to the restrictions in the sanctions regulations, the United Nations Security Council resolutions also restrict the following:
Education and training
Prohibits states from providing specialised teaching or training of North Korean nationals in any subjects which could contribute to DPRK’s proliferation sensitive nuclear activities.
These subjects include (but are not limited to) training in:
- advanced physics
- advanced computer simulation and related computer sciences
- geospatial navigation
- nuclear engineering
- aerospace engineering
- aeronautical engineering
- , advanced materials science
- advanced chemical engineering
- advanced mechanical engineering
- advanced electrical engineering and advanced industrial engineering, and related disciplines.
Scientific and technical cooperation
Requires New Zealand to notify the Sanctions Committee of any scientific or technical cooperation undertaken between New Zealand and North Korea and requires New Zealand to suspend scientific and technical cooperation with North Korea in the fields of:
- nuclear science and technology
- aerospace and aeronautical engineering and technology, or
- advanced manufacturing production techniques and methods.