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Trade for All is a chance to take a fresh look at New Zealand’s trade policy. It’s the opportunity to consider trade policy in general, what we are currently doing, and making sure that it delivers for all New Zealanders.
Trade is a critical part of New Zealand’s economy. We want our policies to help all New Zealanders benefit from trade. That’s why from August to October 2018 the Government consulted widely with New Zealanders to hear their views and develop a Trade for All policy.
One of the outcomes from this consultation process was the establishment of a Trade for All Advisory Board. The Board’s objective was to provide the Government with an independent report, identifying and discussing key issues, with recommendations on our trade policy.
The Minister for Trade and Export Growth released the report of the Trade for All Advisory Board [PDF, 2.3 MB] in November 2019.
Trade for All will help ensure that our trade policy delivers for all New Zealanders, and contributes to addressing global and regional issues of concern, such as environmental issues and labour standards. Our goal is a trade policy that works alongside other government policies, to support sustainable and inclusive economic development.
The Minister for Trade and Export Growth responded to the Trade for All Advisory Board’s report on 23 July 2020. Minister Parker’s speech is available here.(external link)
The global trade environment is increasingly turbulent.
Domestically, public concern around globalisation has grown. There are reservations about the balance in trade agreements between market access for exporters and concerns over potential loss of sovereignty and the perception that globalisation is exacerbating environmental problems and increasing inequality. There are questions about who benefits from trade and the long-term sustainability of our economic development.
The Trade for All agenda responds to these concerns, seeking to rebuild public consensus around New Zealand’s trade policy while successfully navigating the turbulent global environment to advance and protect our trade interests. Central to this process has been a wide ranging public consultation process including dedicated consultation with Māori, as the Crown’s treaty partner, and a set of recommendations from an independent Trade for All Advisory Board.
What is trade policy?
We asked New Zealanders how our country should approach international trade — exports and imports — and the rules and disciplines around this. Discussion included our involvement in the World Trade Organisation, our negotiation and implementation of free trade agreements, and the interaction between trade and domestic economic policy.
What did we ask?
We took a step back from looking at any individual trade agreement and instead considered trade policy in general, what we are currently doing, and what’s best for New Zealand. We wanted to hear New Zealanders’ views on how trade policy can contribute to sustainable, progressive and inclusive economic development for the benefit of all of us.
Cabinet agreed to some key principles on Trade for All to get the conversation started around the future direction of trade policy for New Zealand. In line with these key principles (see below for the full list of key principles approved by Cabinet), we asked New Zealanders to consider how trade can support:
- sustainable economic development that takes into account the impact on the environment we work and live in; and
- inclusive economic development that supports all New Zealanders in all regions of New Zealand to benefit from opportunities to do business globally, including women, Māori and people in small and medium sized enterprises.
Trade for All key principles
The consultations explored support for the key principles approved by Cabinet:
- An open conversation with the public and key stakeholders around the future direction of New Zealand’s trade policy; this will include consultation with Māori, consistent with their role as a Treaty partner
- A focus on creating new and more sustainable economic opportunities for New Zealanders of all incomes and backgrounds
- Support for the international rules-based system and New Zealand’s contribution to its modernisation
- Support for multilateral negotiations as a first-best option for New Zealand, followed by open plurilateral negotiations
- Enhancing New Zealand’s economic integration with the Asia-Pacific region, and economic connections to other regions, including through regional and bilateral FTAs
- Support for trade policy to contribute to maximising the opportunities and minimising the risks associated with global issues, including:
- Environmental issues such as climate change
- Protecting New Zealanders’ health and wellbeing
- Labour rights
- Gender equity
- The rights of indigenous peoples
- SME participation in international markets
- Inclusive regional economic growth, poverty reduction and sustainable job creation
- Protecting traditional knowledge
- Preserving the right of governments to regulate in the public interest, including for national land markets, taxation of multinational businesses and public services
- The development of specific directives for future trade policies and negotiations to operationalise Trade for All.
Feedback from public consultation
We consulted with New Zealanders on how our country should approach trade.
The Trade for All public consultation phase ran between 6 August and 14 October 2018. It included written feedback as well as face-to-face engagement around New Zealand through 15 meetings for the public and 11 hui focusing on Māori.
Read the summary of feedback
A summary of feedback received, produced by independent research organisation PublicVoice, is avaliable here [PDF, 1.6 MB].
Read the written submissions
Written submissions, which we have been granted permission to publish, are available here [ZIP, 38 MB].
Trade for all Advisory Board
The Trade for All Advisory Board was appointed to provide the Government with an independent report with recommendations on our trade policy. They drew on the feedback from the consultation process and worked on identifying and discussing key issues and developing recommendations for we achieve this.
The Board’s report and recommendations were completed and released in November 2019. You can read the Minister’s media release here.
A summary of Cabinet papers, press releases and key public consultation documents are:
- June/July 2018: Trade for All Update Cabinet Paper [PDF, 1 MB]
- April 2018: Minister for Trade and Export Growth press release - "Progressive and inclusive Trade for All Agenda launched"(external link)
- February 2018: New Progressive and Inclusive Trade Agenda Cabinet paper [PDF, 3.7 MB]
Press releases & Speeches
- July 2019: Trade for All and the state of international trade(external link)
- November 2019: Trade for All Board releases recommendations(external link)
- May 2019: Minister for Trade and Export Growth press release: NZ’s interests advanced at international trade forums.(external link) This press releases includes reference to a meeting of the Inclusive Trade Action Group, following which a Joint Communique [PDF, 314 KB] was issued.
- November 2018: Minister for Trade and Export Growth press release: Inclusive Trade Action Group Meets in Port Moresby(external link)
- August 2018: Minister for Trade and Export Growth press release - "Modernising our trade policy with Trade for All: have your say"(external link)
Key public consultation documents
These discussion documents were available during the public consultation phase.
- New Zealand and international trade rules [PDF, 228 KB]
- New Zealand and free trade agreements [PDF, 232 KB]
- Trade and sustainable development [PDF, 181 KB] [PDF, 232 KB]
- Trade and women's economic empowerment [PDF, 235 KB]
- The Māori economy [PDF, 179 KB]
- Trade and regional economic development [PDF, 332 KB]
- Trade and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) [PDF, 398 KB]