Tonga High School student Anna Jane Vea was given a once in a lifetime opportunity to represent her country at New Zealand’s Battle of the Somme commemorations.
Our relationship with Tonga
New Zealand and Tonga share strong ties based on our common Polynesian history and shared interests in Pacific issues. We have a growing trading relationship, a cooperative approach to sustainable aid and development, and strong ties through policing and defence. Many Tongan leaders have been educated in New Zealand and keep up connections here. More than 60,000 Tongans live in New Zealand – our third largest Pacific Island group. Under the Pacific Access immigration programme, we accept up to 250 Tongan immigrants each year. This is on top of regular immigration applicants from Tonga.
Tonga is the only Pacific country with a constitutional monarchy - officially it's known as the Kingdom of Tonga. The country has made an historic and fundamental change from an executive monarchy to a modern parliamentary democracy, holding its first democratic elections in November 2010.
Tonga is north of New Zealand near Fiji and Samoa. It’s made up of 170 islands with a land area of 749 square kilometres, spread over a 676,000 square kilometre Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). The 36 inhabited islands support a population of about 110,000. About 70 percent of the people live on the main island of Tongatapu, and the rest are spread across the four island groups of Vava'u, Ha'apai, ‘Eua and the Niuas. Tonga deals with many of the same challenges of other Pacific island nations, such as a small domestic market, work skill shortages, high cost of power, inconsistent transport services, low savings rates, high costs of doing business and high youth unemployment.
Defence and policing
Tonga is New Zealand’s key defence partner in Polynesia, dating back to World War I, when Tongan citizens served in the Māori and Regular Battalions in the New Zealand Army. More recently we both took part in the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI).
Under the Mutual Assistance Programme (MAP), the New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) helps train the His Majesty’s Armed Forces, and a New Zealand Army Warrant Officer works in Tonga as a technical adviser. In May 2013, a Visiting Forces Agreement was signed to formalise NZDF operations and exercises in Tonga. The NZDF also helps with disaster response, such as search and rescue operations and delivering emergency supplies.
New Zealand supports policing in Tonga through the Tonga Police Development Programme, established in 2006. The programme focuses on community engagement, strengthening core policing skills and systems, improving leadership, organisational development and infrastructure.
Total trade in goods
Exports to Tonga
Top exports: frozen, preserved and prepared meat, sawn or chipped wood
Imports from Tonga
|Top imports: vegetables, nuts, scrap metal|
|GDP per capita||US$4,429||(NZ GDP per capita is US$43,837)|
New Zealand and Tonga have good shipping links, and we are their main source of imports. Both countries are working toward growing the trade relationship; the Tonga-New Zealand Business Association in Nuku’alofa and the New Zealand Tonga Business Council in Auckland both promote bilateral trade and business links.
The New Zealand Aid Programme works with Tonga to improve its energy infrastructure, grow tourism and strengthen the quality of its education and law and justice systems.
Many Tongans come to New Zealand each year to work in our horticultural and wine industries under the Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE) scheme. Tonga has been a major participant in RSE, sending the second highest number of workers to New Zealand under the scheme. More than 1,500 Tongans participated in 2013.
- New Zealand is represented in Tonga by the New Zealand High Commission, Nuku'alofa
- Tonga is represented in New Zealand with the Consulate of the Kingdom of Tonga, Auckland
New Zealand to Tonga
- July 2016: Rear Admiral John Martin, Chief of New Zealand Navy, made a bilateral visit, along with HMNZS Otago
- March 2016: Major General Peter Kelly, Chief of New Zealand Army, made a bilateral visit
- July 2015: New Zealand Governor-General His Excellency Sir Jerry Mateparae and Lady Janine Mateparae; Māori King Tuheitia Paki; Peseta Sam Lotu-Iiga, Minister of Pacific Peoples; and Air Vice-Marshal Kevin Short, Vice-Chief of New Zealand Defence Force visited for the Coronation of His Majesty King Tupou VI
- February 2015: Foreign Minister Murray McCully met with the new Government
- June 2014: Prime Minister John Key visited as part of his Pacific Polynesian Mission
- March 2014: Lieutenant General Timothy Keating, Chief of New Zealand Defence Force, made a bilateral visit
- February 2014: Foreign Minister Murray McCully visited following Tropical Cyclone Ian
- May 2013: Defence Minister Jonathan Coleman attended the South Pacific Defence Ministers' Meeting
- May 2013: Lieutenant General Rhys Jones, Chief of New Zealand Defence Force, made a bilateral visit
- March 2013: Foreign Minister Murray McCully attended the Pacific Leaders' Energy Summit
Tonga to New Zealand
- November 2016: Tongan patrol boat VOEA PANGAI attended the New Zealand Navy’s 75th anniversary celebrations
- July 2016: Prime Minister ‘Akilisi Pohiva made an official visit to New Zealand, accompanied by Minister for Customs and Revenue Tevita Lavemaau and Minister for Public Enterprises Poasi Tei
- June 2016: Siaosi Sovaleni, Deputy Prime Minister, visited New Zealand for the Pacific Energy Conference
- June 2016: Mele Vaitohi, Chief Executive Officer of the Ministry of Justice, visited as Prime Minister’s Fellow
- March 2016: Siaosi Sovaleni, Deputy Prime Minister, visited for the Asia-Pacific Energy Leaders’ Summit
- August 2015: Brigadier Fielakepa, Chief of Defence Staff of His Majesty’s Armed Forces, made an official visit
- June 2015: Fe’ao Vakata, Minister of Internal Affairs, visited mainly in relation to the Recognised Seasonal Employers’ Scheme
- June 2015: Minister of Agriculture, Food, Forests and Fisheries Semisi Fakahau visited as the 2015 Prime Minister’s Fellow
- May 2014: Aloma Johansson, Chairwomen of the Tonga Chamber of Commerce and Industry, visited as Prime Minister’s Fellow
- October 2013: Tatafu Moeaki, Chief Executive Officer of the Ministry of Commerce, Tourism and Labour, visited as Prime Minister’s Fellow
- May 2013: Lord Vaea Minister for Internal Affairs visited, mainly in relation to the Recognised Seasonal Employers' Scheme
- April 2013: Minister Latu Minister of Commerce Tourism and Labour and Lord Fakafunua Speaker of the Legislative Assembly attended the Pacific Parliamentary and Political Leaders' Forum
- March 2013 Prime Minister Tu'ivakano attended the Pacific Energy Summit
- February 2013 His Majesty King Tupou VI made a state visit
News & Events
People from Fiji, Kiribati and Tuvalu who entered the ballot for a Pacific Access Category Resident Visa can find out if they have been selected.
More than $1 billion for sustainable energy projects in the Pacific has been generated at NZ-EU conference, including $100 million from NZ.
The NZ Government has committed NZD51,000 to Caritas Tonga for the restoration of water supply catchments in communities vulnerable to water scarcity.