Sanctions were first imposed concerning Somalia in 1992 with resolution 751 and have changed over time. You can find out more about the UNSC sanctions here(external link).
United Nations Sanctions (Somalia) Regulations 2018
New Zealand has implemented the UNSC sanctions through the United Nations Sanctions (Somalia) Regulations 2018 (available here(external link)).
Revised sanctions regulations came into force on 14 June 2018. These regulations apply to all persons inside New Zealand and to New Zealand citizens outside New Zealand.
A person breaching the sanctions regulations could be liable for up to 12 months imprisonment or a fine of up to $10,000. A company breaching the sanctions regulations could be liable for a fine of up to $100,000.
Some of the key restrictions in the revised sanctions regulations are outlined below. The following list is a summary only and is not comprehensive. We recommend that you look at the detailed regulations and obtain independent legal advice when making decisions about dealings with people or entities in Somalia.
The regulations prohibit the direct and indirect export of arms from New Zealand to Somalia (with some exceptions). They also prohibit the export of arms to a person designated by the UN. The regulations also prohibit loading or carrying such arms on a New Zealand craft, and other transactions or dealing with arms that are intended for Somalia or a designated person (see regulations 5-11).
The regulations prohibit transferring, selling, or otherwise dealing with any property that is owned or controlled by a designated person or their agent (see regulations 17 to 19). You can access the list of people and entities designated by the UN here(external link).
Import prohibition: Charcoal
The regulations prohibit the import of charcoal from Somalia to New Zealand. They also prohibit carrying charcoal from Somalia on a New Zealand craft and any other dealings with charcoal from Somalia (see regulations 13 to 16).
Training and assistance
The regulations prohibit providing any training or assistance relating to military activities or to the supply, sale, transfer, manufacture or use of arms to anyone in Somalia (with some exceptions) or to a designated person (see regulation 12).
The regulations prohibit people designated by the UN from entering or transiting through New Zealand (see regulation 20). You can access the consolidated list of people and entities designated by the UN here(external link).