PACER Plus is a landmark trade and development agreement that will lower barriers and provide greater certainty for New Zealand businesses, while raising living standards, creating jobs and increasing exports in Pacific Island countries.

PACER Plus builds on existing trade agreements: the South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement (SPARTECA) (1980) and the original PACER Agreement (2001). 

The agreement includes: Australia, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Republic of Marshall Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu.

Why it’s a priority for New Zealand

Pacific Island countries are our nearest neighbours and, with more than 250,000 Pacific Islanders living in New Zealand, we share strong personal ties. New Zealand has a clear interest in a prosperous and sustainable region and our main objective for PACER Plus is to encourage economic development in Pacific countries.

What are the potential benefits?

Opportunities for economic development in Pacific Island countries are limited because of their small size and the difficulty achieving the economies of scale needed to compete in international markets. PACER Plus should help create jobs and wealth in the Pacific by making it easier for these countries to trade.

The intended benefits of PACER Plus are:

  • a more predictable trading environment 
  • more consistent and transparent rules throughout the region on sanitary and phytosanitary measures, technical barriers to trade, and customs procedures 
  • more liberal and product-specific rules of origin 
  • increased investment in the region, in particular by New Zealand and Australian investors into Pacific Island countries 
  • greater certainty around tariffs for exporters
  • more opportunities for trade-related development assistance for Pacific Island countries
  • a more mobile labour force in the region.

National Interest Analysis

The National Interest Analysis assesses PACER Plus from the perspective of its impact on New Zealand and New Zealanders.

National Interest Analysis [PDF, 1.4 MB]


The following factsheets summarise the contents of the agreement.

Overview: Purpose and benefits [PDF, 185 KB]

Development and economic cooperation [PDF, 367 KB]

Labour mobility [PDF, 224 KB]

Legal and Institutional Chapters [PDF, 184 KB]

Pasifika New Zealand [PDF, 227 KB]

Te Moana-nui-ā-Kiwa and Māori development [PDF, 333 KB]

Trade in goods, Rules of Origin and customs [PDF, 737 KB]

Services, investment and visa access for business people [PDF, 440 KB]


Timing for the negotiations

Negotiations started: August 2009

Status: Negotiations concluded on 20 April 2017. Following signature, the Agreement will enter into force 60 days after eight negotiating parties have notified the Depositary that they have completed their internal requirements.

How to get involved

Public meetings on trade negotiations will be held in June, and include updates on PACER Plus. Members of the public and businesses are welcome to attend.

Find out more: Public engagement

The Ministry is seeking further submissions and queries about PACER Plus.  We are also happy to arrange meetings with stakeholders and Iwi/Māori organisations to discuss how PACER Plus may affect them, their business or their communities.
Submissions or requests for information can be sent to:


Making contact with us will enable us to provide you with further information and updates on PACER Plus.


Details released for landmark Pacific trade deal (external link)