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Why Canada matters
CPTPP is New Zealand’s first trade agreement with Canada – our 12th-largest export market worth NZ$1.1 billion in the year to the end of June 2018.
Tourism and travel services are New Zealand’s largest export categories to Canada, followed by wine, beef and lamb. Canada’s main exports to New Zealand include machinery, wood, pork and fertilisers.
There is also potential for CPTPP to create a platform for New Zealand and Canadian companies to partner on joint initiatives to service Asian markets – market knowledge in New Zealand combining with scale and counter-seasonal production out of Canada. This fits with Canada’s vision to diversify its trade profile away from its reliance on natural resources and North America.
Reduced trade barriers
Under CPTPP, tariffs will be eliminated on 99% of New Zealand exports to Canada on entry into force and 99.9% at full implementation. This represents estimated tariff savings of NZ$7 million per year.
Some of the specific goods on which Canadian tariffs will be eliminated are highlighted in the table below. You can search the online tariff finder(external link) to find the outcome for your particular export or import item.
|Sector||Key outcomes in Canada|
There are new commercial opportunities for New Zealand businesses to win government procurement contracts. Canada’s government procurement market is sizable, about 13% of GDP, and it procures a diverse range of goods and services, which will provide greater opportunities for New Zealand’s established industries as well as more specialised and niche exporters.
For certain government procurement activity, New Zealand businesses will be able to compete for government procurement contracts in Canada on an equal footing with domestic suppliers and they will be subject to more open, fair and transparent procurement rules.
Servicing the market
Tourism and travel services are New Zealand’s largest export category with Canada. Under CPTPP, New Zealand service suppliers will have improved protection, predictability and transparency when doing business in the Canadian market.
For New Zealand, key outcomes from Canada’s CPTPP commitments include:
- Improved market access in a range of service sectors including accounting, auditing and bookkeeping, architectural, engineering and management consulting services.
- Canada has locked in its current regime relating to speciality air services guaranteeing that any future market reforms will automatically flow through to New Zealand providers.
- Canada has also locked in its current regime relating to patent and trademark agents, guaranteeing that any relaxation of local presence requirements will automatically flow through to New Zealand providers.
- Access has been guaranteed, with some limited reservations, in key areas of interest to New Zealand including business services, environmental services, education services and services incidental to agricultural.
Working in Canada
New Zealand business people going to work in Canada will benefit from CPTPP:
- Business visitors including installers and servicers can stay in Canada for up to six months, provided their primary source of income, and principal place of business and accrual of profits, comes from outside Canada.
- Intra-corporate transferees who are executives, managers and specialists can enter Canada for up to three years, with the possibility of an extension.
Canada was New Zealand’s top foreign investor in 2015. Canadian companies are investing in New Zealand commercial property, agriculture, oil and gas, information and communication technology, financial, and retail sectors.
CPTPP investment rules provide greater certainty and protection for investors, while preserving the rights of governments to legislate and regulate in the public interest. Strong rules will help ensure that New Zealand and Canadian investors are treated in a fair, equitable and non-discriminatory manner, allowing them to compete on an equal footing with other investors in areas such as energy, manufacturing, financial services and professional services.
Both countries operate investment screening regimes. Canada has increased its investment review threshold for New Zealanders investing in Canadian business. Only those investors seeking to take control of companies worth more than C$1.5 billion must obtain approval from the Canadian government. Similarly, the threshold above which a non-government Canadian investor must get approval to invest significant business assets in New Zealand has doubled to NZ$200 million as a result of CPTPP.
Canada has locked in commitments made in relation to its investment screening regime and foreign ownership of key Canadian companies meaning it cannot impose tighter restrictions on New Zealand investors in the future.
While investors in both countries have access to the investor-state dispute settlement mechanism (ISDS), Canada and New Zealand are committed through a joint declaration [PDF, 115 KB] to promote transparent conduct rules on the ethical responsibilities of arbitrators and to take into account the evolving international practice and the evolution of ISDS.