New Zealand has strong relationships with individual countries in Europe, and with the EU. Our connections vary from the new and friendly, to enduring relationships with countries that we share deep historical ties with. Shared experiences in both World Wars created strong connections with Belgium, France, Greece, Italy, Poland, the UK, and other countries in Europe.
As well as the British, Italians, Germans, French and Dalmatians were among early European immigrants to New Zealand. After World War II, there was another wave of immigration from the Netherlands and Wellington became home to more than 700 Polish orphans. More Polish immigrated in the 1980s. In 2014 the UK was the second largest source of long-term migrants to New Zealand with over 13,000 arrivals. There's also a strong sporting rivalry with France and England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales on the rugby field.
Our formal connections with European countries include our work with international organisations such as the UN and the OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) and the EU.
Our cooperation with European partners spans a number of spheres including political and security issues, climate change and the evironment, and development in the Pacific. European countries are our most significant science and innovation partners. More than half of New Zealand’s researchers have an active collaboration with a European partner.
New Zealand also has working holiday schemes with 22 European countries.
Most of our two-way trade with Europe is with countries in the EU. The EU is the world's largest economic entity and New Zealand's third largest trading partner overall. Two-way trade was valued at $19.6b in goods and services in the year to June 2014.
Our main goods exports to this region are sheep meat, followed by wine, fruit, butter and dairy spreads. Imports from the EU are dominated by motor vehicles, aircraft and retail medicines. We also have significant two-way trade in tourism, transport, education and commercial services. Within the EU, the UK, Germany, the Netherlands, France and Italy are our largest individual export destinations.
New Zealand has been exploring options for further liberalising our trade and economic relations with the EU. In a joint statement on the bilateral relationship issued on 29 October 2015, New Zealand and the European Union announced their agreement to start the process for free trade agreement negotiations.
Embassy or High Commission
Representing New Zealand in:
|Austria, Vienna||Austria, Hungary, Slovenia and the Slovak Republic|
|Belgium, Brussels||Belgium, Bulgaria, the European Union, Luxembourg, Romania and Sweden|
|France, Paris||France, Monaco and Portugal|
|Germany, Berlin||Germany, Czech Republic, Liechtenstein and Switzerland|
|Italy, Rome||Italy, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Montenegro, San Marino and Serbia|
|The Netherlands, The Hague||The Netherlands, Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Norway|
|Poland, Warsaw||Poland, Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania and Ukraine|
|Russia, Moscow||Russia, Armenia, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan|
|Spain, Madrid||Spain, Andorra, Holy See and Malta|
|Switzerland, Geneva||World Trade Organisation and United Nations agencies|
|United Kingdom, London||United Kingdom and Ireland|
New Zealand has working holiday schemes with 23 European countries: Austria, Belgium, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the UK.