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Our relationship with North America
The North American region is hugely important to us. Canada and the United States are both close partners for New Zealand. Our friendships are long-standing and based on shared democratic values. New Zealand works together with the United States and Canada on a range of international issues, from agriculture and fisheries to climate change and the environment, Antarctic issues, human rights and indigenous issues. Our formal connections with countries in the region include our work with international organisations such as the UN, WTO as well as regional organisations such as the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC). North America is an important source of tourists for New Zealand, and there are Working Holiday Schemes in place that enable young New Zealanders to travel in the region.
- the United Nations (UN);
- World Trade Organisation (WTO);
- Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC);
- East Asia Summit (EAS);
- ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF);
- the Commonwealth (with Canada).
We have a long history of trade links with North America. The US is New Zealand’s third-largest trading partner, a major source of foreign direct investment, and a key innovation partner. New Zealand, the United States and Canada are all members of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC), and New Zealand and Canada have both ratified the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).
More on the NZUS Council(external link).
Our relationship with the Caribbean
As fellow small states, New Zealand and the Caribbean have shared interests that have grown through our Commonwealth history and personal connections, the dairy trade, and sporting ties, particularly with cricket. The 2014 opening of the New Zealand High Commission in Bridgetown, Barbados has helped to cement the relationship between New Zealand and the Caribbean. Using Barbados as a home base, we engage regularly at a high level with Caribbean governments and deliver our development assistance programme throughout the region.
Our engagement with the Caribbean is based on our desire to build stronger partnerships with this large region of small island states. We want to build connections between the Caribbean and the Pacific, and use our expertise and experience to explore solutions to development issues faced by small island developing states (SIDS). New Zealand is a strong advocate for SIDS in the international area, our engagement in this area having grown in recent years linked to our support for the UN SIDS conference in Apia in 2014 and our use of our United Nations Security Council term to raise the profile of SIDS issues (most notably holding an Open Debate on the peace and security challenges facing SIDS in July 2015).want to build connections between the Caribbean and the Pacific, and use our expertise and experience to explore solutions to development issues faced by small island developing states (SIDS). New Zealand is a strong advocate for SIDS in the international area, our engagement in this area having grown in recent years linked to our support for the UN SIDS conference in Apia in 2014 and our use of our United Nations Security Council term to raise the profile of SIDS issues (most notably holding an Open Debate on the peace and security challenges facing SIDS in July 2015).
In 2014 a number of Caribbean leaders visited New Zealand to cement high level contacts and explore opportunities to grow relationships between our two countries. There is particular interest in building links in the renewable energy, agriculture and education sectors, and in Māori economic development models.
Through the United Nations and the Commonwealth we work closely with our Caribbean partners, particularly on issues to do with small island developing states such as oceans management, transnational crime and small arms trafficking.
We have formal diplomatic relationships with the following Caribbean countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. We also have formal diplomatic relationships with the two main regional organisations: the CARICOM Secretariat and the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS).
Our High Commission in Bridgetown, Barbados manages our diplomatic relationship with CARICOM and OECS.
We have a long, yet modest history of trade links with the Caribbean. Our exports are largely dairy products and meat, and we import spirits and accessories. Total two-way trade between New Zealand and the Caribbean in 2014 was $105 million, of which $95 million were New Zealand exports. There is scope to expand trade, tourism and investment as the economies of the Caribbean develop.
As small island developing states, most Caribbean countries face development challenges related to their size, isolation and vulnerability. Our development work in the Caribbean focuses on partnering in areas of need where we have expertise and experience:
- renewable energy (particularly geothermal)
- disaster risk management
- knowledge and skills (including scholarships and targeted assistance in agriculture).
We signed a Development Cooperation Arrangement with CARICOM in May 2014 which encourages partnership in these areas.
Our relationship with Latin America
Latin America is important to us; it is part of the Asia Pacific region but is also a key partner in its own right. Our Latin America Strategy guides our efforts to deepen our relationships with key Latin countries such as Mexico, Colombia, Chile, Peru, Brazil and Argentina.
We have a lot in common with Latin America and work closely with Latin countries on a range of international issues. We are both major agricultural producers, and we are working together to support global agricultural and fisheries reform. We also cooperate closely on areas such as climate change and the environment, Antarctic issues, disarmament, human rights and indigenous issues.
- the United Nations (UN);
- World Trade Organisation (WTO);
- the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC);
- the Pacific Alliance;
- the Community for Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC);
- the Central American Integration Scheme (SICA);
- the Forum for East Asia – Latin America Cooperation (FEALAC); and
- the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases.
Latin American countries are important trading partners for us, although there is a lot of untapped potential. We are an Observer of the Pacific Alliance (a regional integration initiative between Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru) and have a long-standing dialogue with Mercosur (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay).
A significant number of Latin American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Paraguay and Uruguay) are members of the Cairns Group(external link), along with New Zealand and Australia.
Latin America is an important source of students and tourists for New Zealand, and there are a range of Working Holiday Schemes in place that can enable young New Zealanders to travel in the region.
Trade agreements and negotiations
- New Zealand signed the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (known as P4) with Chile, Singapore and Brunei in 2005.
- Chile, Peru and Mexico are signatories to the Trans Pacific Partnership.
- New Zealand is seeking associate membership of the Pacific Alliance
The Latin America New Zealand Business Council (LANZBC) will be of interest to businesses and individuals interested in learning more about doing business with Latin America.
The New Zealand Aid Programme has worked with Latin America since the 1970s. Our priority there is agricultural development.
Embassies and consular services for Americas
|New Zealand Consulate-General, Honolulu, Hawaii||Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Palau, United States of America|
|New Zealand Consulate-General, Los Angeles, California||United States of America|
|New Zealand Embassy to Argentina||Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay|
|New Zealand Embassy to Brazil||Brazil|
|New Zealand Embassy to Chile||Bolivia, Chile, Peru|
|New Zealand Embassy to Colombia||Ecuador|
|New Zealand Embassy to Mexico||Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Venezuela|
|New Zealand Embassy to the United States of America||United States of America|
|New Zealand High Commission||Canada|
|New Zealand High Commission to Barbados||Belize, Dominica, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Barbados, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago|
|Permanent Mission to the United Nations, New York|